18 Principles of Management

 14 Concepts of Supervision Essay

Fayol was a key figure in the turn-of-the-century Time-honored School of management theory. He saw a manager's task as:




coordinating activities

controlling performance

Notice that many of these activities are very task-oriented, rather than people-oriented. This is like Taylor and Technological Management.

Fayol laid down the following principles of organisation (he called all of them principles of management):

1 . Specialisation of labour. Specializing motivates continuous improvement in expertise 2 . Expert. The right to offer orders and the power to precise obedience plus the development of improvements in strategies. 3. Discipline. No slacking, bending of rules.

four. Unity of command. Every single employee offers one and only one boss. your five. Unity of direction. A single mind produces a single strategy and all perform their part in that program. 6. Subordination of Person Interests. When ever at work, just work issues should be pursued or contemplated. 7. Remuneration. Employees obtain fair repayment for companies, not the actual company can get away with. 8. Centralization. Consolidation of management functions. Decisions are produced from the top. on the lookout for. Scalar Chain (line of authority). Formal chain of command working from top to bottom in the organisation. 15. Order. Almost all materials and personnel have got a recommended place, plus they must continue to be there. 10. Equity. Equal rights of treatment (but not necessarily identical treatment) 12. Workers Tenure. Limited turnover of personnel. Life span employment permanently workers. 13. Initiative. Considering out an agenda and do what it takes to make that happen. 18. Esprit de corps. Balance, cohesion amongst personnel.

Out of the 18, the most important elements are expertise, unity of command, scalar chain, and, coordination simply by managers (an amalgam of authority and unity of direction).

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